History of the castle in Nelahozeves

The municipality of Nelahozeves was first mentioned in 1352 when it was a property of St. Vitus chapter in Prague. Under them, a fort was built there. It was first mentioned on paper in 1400. The fort was often rented, first to the Prague chapter and then to Prague inhabitants during the Hussite revolution. In 1466, Řehoř from Illburk became the owner of the fort. After him Vilém from Illburk and brothers Hynek and Jiří Zejdlic from Šenfeld from 1508. After 1526, the fort was owned by the St. Vitus chapter again. However, it is not in its ownership for a long time. In 1544, Florián Griesperk from Griespach gains the fort together with the village and the meierhof. Florián came from an insolvent Bavarian aristocracy. However, he was versatilely talented and he succeeds on the court of Ferdinand I in Prague after finishing his studies. He becomes the secretary of Ferdinand I in 1532. Later on, he becomes the royal and chamber councillor and finally a member of the military secret council. Florian was continually getting more and more support from the king, what the court the other court aristocracy didn´t appreciate. That´s why they got him put into the White Tower in the Prague Castle. However, Florian is released and exonerated from all the gossip thanks to the king. Furthermore, his coat of arts was improved by a white tower as a memory of his imprisonment. Florián Grisperk bought several villages round Nelahozeves between 1549 and 1552. They were the basis of the Nelahozeves demesne. He got the old fort pulled down and he started building a new Renaissance castle in 1552. His youngest son Blažej finished it in 1614.

                                              

Blažej and his wife Ofka from Bubno take over the demesne after the death of his father in 1588. Unlike his brothers, Blažel didn´t actively take part in the uprising of the Esates and that´s why Nelahozeves stays the family property after the confiscations after the battle on White Hill. Blažej Griesperk died in 1620 and the demesne stayed in the ownership of his daughter Veronika. However, she sells the indebted demesne to Polyxena Pernštejnská from Lobkovic in 1623. The castle was already in a very bad state in the time after the Thirty Years' War. Václav Eusebius Lobkovic gets the demesne in 1637. He got basic repairs made in the building of the castle in 1652 and furnished it fully newly. The Lobkovic family didn´t find the castle in Nelahozeves representative enough and so they moved to Roudnice nad Labem. The castle stopped having the function of a manor house and it was used as a seat of the demesne administration. There was a military hospital in the 19th century and then a boarding school for girls. The Lobkovic family owned the castle until 1945 when it was put under state control.

the Prague Castle. However, Florian is released and exonerated from all the gossip thanks to the king. Furthermore, his coat of arts was improved by a white tower as a memory of his imprisonment. Florián Grisperk bought several villages round Nelahozeves between 1549 and 1552. They were the basis of the Nelahozeves demesne. He got the old fort pulled down and he started building a new Renaissance castle in 1552. His youngest son Blažej finished it in 1614.